It's Hot Out There. Avoid Dehydration.

By http://www.newlondonspecialtypharmacy.com/author/
July 21, 2014

July is the hottest month of the year and temperatures have risen to the upper 80’s and have felt like the mid 90’s with the humidity factored in.

One major concern during these summer months is the risk of dehydration.  Due to increased heat, the body will tend to lose fluids more quickly and needs to be replenished more often in order to prevent dehydration.  Teenaged athletes that practice during the hot hours of the day and the elderly are at higher risk for dehydration.

It is very important to stay hydrated if you will be out in the heat for an extended amount of time.  Whether it is a day at the park or a day out shopping; remember to always have a water bottle with you to keep hydrated.

Symptoms of Dehydration

  • Thirst
  • Low urination
  • Darker urine
  • Muscle cramps
  • Headache, lightheadedness, dizziness
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Rapid breathing
  • Irritability and confusion
  • Delirium
  • Unconsciousness

 

Prevention of Dehydration

  • Drink adequate amount of water each day.
  • Daily recommended in-take is six to eight, 8 ounce glasses of water per day.
  • If increased activity (jogging outdoors) or increased time in the heat, remember to increase amount of water in-take.

 

Treatment of Dehydration

  • Drink water.
  • Drink sports drinks with electrolytes.
  • If severe dehydration or drinking water does not improve symptoms, go to the hospital for treatment because they may want to give I.V. infusion of fluids.
  • Severe symptoms include:  Rapid heart rate, rapid breathing, confusion, and unconsciousness.

 

Contraindications for increased fluid in-take

  • Heart failure
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • For these health conditions:  check with your doctor before increasing amounts of water in-take during these hot summer months.

 

Reference to CDC website

http://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/everyone/basics/water.html

 

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